Navigating New Accounting Rules: Managing Software Costs Effectively

Project cost tracking is essential for businesses that develop and implement software, as accounting rules have changed and become more complicated. Businesses must follow stricter rules for recording and reporting software costs, such as ASC 985-20 and ASC 350-40. These changes aim to make financial statements clearer and more truthful about the economic effects of software development and implementation. 

Keeping track of software costs can help businesses financially, such as by improving budgeting, using resources better, and making more money. By monitoring project costs closely, businesses can avoid extra costs, follow accounting rules, and make smarter strategic choices. Project cost tracking not only helps in fulfilling regulatory requirements but also gives useful information about how well and how efficiently software projects are done. 

In this blog post, we will look at the new accounting rules that affect software costs, explain why it is important to manage these costs, and talk about different project cost tracking methods. We will also give strategies for matching project cost tracking with new regulations and offer helpful advice for managing software costs well. Finally, we will go over some of the best tools and technologies that can help with this process. 

Navigating the Complexities of Project Cost Tracking in the New Accounting Rules

The new accounting rules for software costs, such as ASC 985-20 and ASC 350-40, are stricter and more specific than the previous ones. They require businesses to capitalize software development costs only after certain criteria are met, and to expense costs before and after that stage. These rules aim to make financial statements more consistent and transparent. 

Changes from Previous Rules: The old rules allowed more flexibility in accounting for software costs, leading to varied and less clear financial reporting. The new rules reduce the room for interpretation and increase the uniformity of financial statements. 

Why These Changes Have Been Implemented: The main reason for these changes is to enhance transparency and consistency in financial reporting. These standards provide a more accurate picture of a company’s financial health and performance. Investors and stakeholders can compare companies and industries better with these standards. 

The Significance of These Rules for Businesses: The new accounting rules require businesses to track and manage software costs more carefully. Accurate project cost tracking is essential to ensure compliance with these standards. Businesses need to have strong accounting systems and processes to separate several types of costs and stages of software development. Improper accounting can result in restatements, penalties, and a loss of investor confidence. 

Understanding the Significance of Software Cost Management

Software costs have a major monetary impact on businesses. They include development, implementation, and maintenance expenses. 

Development Costs: These are for designing, coding, and testing new software. 

Implementation Costs: These are for installing, configuring, training, and integrating the software. 

Maintenance Costs: These are for supporting and updating the software. 

Software costs can affect budgets, profitability, and project outcomes. Therefore, managing them effectively is crucial. Project cost tracking is a key strategy for managing software expenses. It involves recording, comparing, and controlling costs throughout the project lifecycle. It helps businesses to avoid overspending, adjust to changes, forecast expenses, and follow accounting standards. 

Project cost tracking can be challenging, as costs can vary and overlap. Businesses need to use reliable tools and systems to track costs accurately and efficiently. Some of the tools and software for project cost tracking are Microsoft Project, Smartsheet, QuickBooks, Trovve, Asana, and Trello. 

Project cost tracking requires a baseline budget that outlines all expected expenses. This budget serves as a benchmark for measuring and managing actual costs. 

Effective Project Cost Tracking Techniques

Project cost tracking is a vital process for managing software expenses. It helps businesses to record, compare, and control costs during a project’s lifecycle. It also enables businesses to improve financial performance, enhance decision-making, and achieve project goals. 

Businesses can use various tools and software to help project cost tracking. Some of the popular options are: 

  • Microsoft Project: A powerful tool that integrates cost management with project scheduling. 
  • Smartsheet: A simple tool that allows real-time tracking of project budgets and costs. 
  • QuickBooks: A comprehensive tool that handles project accounting and expense tracking. 
  • Asana and Trello: Project management tools that offer cost tracking features through integrations and add-ons. 
  • Trovve: AI-enhanced project management tool for MS teams enables cost tracking with Excel integration  

Project cost tracking requires following some best practices, such as: 

  1. Creating a Baseline Budget: A baseline budget is a detailed plan of all expected costs, including development, implementation, and maintenance costs. It serves as a benchmark for measuring and managing actual costs. 
  2. Updating Cost Data Regularly: To ensure accuracy, cost data should be updated often. This involves documenting expenses as they happen and recording all financial transactions related to the project. Regular updates help in detecting and resolving cost overruns. 
  3. Allocating Costs Properly: Accurate allocation of costs ensures that each expense is assigned to the right project phase or activity. This requires a clear understanding of the project’s work breakdown structure and correct categorization of costs. Improper allocation can lead to budget errors and hinder financial analysis. 
  4. Monitoring and Reporting Costs Consistently: Continuous monitoring and consistent reporting are essential for effective cost tracking. Regular financial reports should be generated to compare actual costs with the baseline budget. This helps in finding variances, analyzing their causes, and taking corrective actions quickly. 

Project cost tracking can be illustrated with some examples from software projects, such as: 

  • Example 1: A software development company used Microsoft Project to track its costs throughout a major project. By creating a baseline budget and updating cost data regularly, the company detected an emerging cost overrun in the testing phase. Swift action was taken to reallocate resources and bring the project back on track. 
  • Example 2: A tech startup used Smartsheet to manage a new software implementation. Through proper cost allocation and consistent monitoring, they ensured the project stayed within budget despite several scope changes. Regular reports provided stakeholders with transparent insights into the project’s financial health. 

Aligning Project Cost Tracking with New Accounting Rules

Aligning Project Cost Tracking with New Accounting Rules: New accounting regulations, such as ASC 985-20 and ASC 350-40, require precise categorization and recording of software costs. Businesses need to align their project cost tracking methods with these standards by following these steps: 

Understand the Regulations: Learn the relevant accounting standards and their implications for software cost tracking. Provide regular training and updates for the accounting team. 

Implement Robust Tracking Systems: Use project management and accounting software that supports detailed cost tracking and integrates with financial reporting systems. Tools like Microsoft Project and QuickBooks can help keep correct records. 

Standardize Processes: Set up standardized processes for cost allocation and documentation. Define clear criteria for capitalizable and expensable costs and apply them consistently across all projects. 

Regular Audits and Reviews: Conduct regular internal audits and reviews of project cost data to ensure compliance with accounting standards. Find and correct discrepancies promptly. 

Tips for Aligning Internal Processes with External Requirements 

Clear Communication: Communicate clearly with project managers, accountants, and stakeholders to ensure everyone understands the requirements and their roles in compliance. 

Documentation: Document all cost-related decisions and transactions. This documentation is crucial for audits and regulatory reviews. 

Continuous Monitoring: Check compliance throughout the project lifecycle. Update the cost tracking system and review adherence to standards regularly. 

Adaptability: Stay adaptable to changes in accounting regulations by updating processes and tools as needed. 

Examples of Companies Successfully Navigating These Changes 

  • Example 1: A large tech firm automated the categorization of software costs within its ERP system, ensuring compliance with ASC 985-20 and ASC 350-40. Regular training sessions improved accuracy and compliance for the accounting and project management teams. 
  • Example 2: A mid-sized software company used Smartsheet for detailed project cost tracking, aligning its internal processes with external accounting requirements. Standardized cost allocation procedures and monthly compliance audits helped them navigate the new regulations seamlessly. 

Strategies for Managing Software Costs

Cost Optimization for Software Projects: Cost management is key for software ROI. Cost optimization techniques can cut expenses and improve quality. 

Agile and Lean Practices: These practices streamline processes and reduce waste. Agile ensures only necessary features are developed. Lean cuts non-value-adding activities. Both support project cost tracking by giving clear visibility into costs and progress. 

Outsourcing vs. In-House Development: This choice depends on project scope, complexity, and budget. Outsourcing can save costs through specialized skills and lower labor costs but requires quality and alignment management. In-house development offers more control but can be more costly due to resource constraints. A hybrid approach can balance cost and control. 

Cloud Services and SaaS: These technologies reduce infrastructure and maintenance costs. Cloud platforms offer scalable resources, allowing pay-per-use. SaaS solutions provide ready-made software, reducing in-house development and maintenance. These technologies support project cost tracking by offering transparent pricing and reducing unexpected expenses. 

Budgeting and Forecasting for Software Projects: Accurate budgeting and forecasting are crucial for software cost management. A detailed budget sets clear financial expectations. Updating the budget based on actual costs and progress ensures deviations are addressed. Forecasting future costs allows proactive adjustments, avoiding budget overruns. 

Continuous Monitoring and Adjustment of Costs: This is vital for financial control over software projects. Regular reviews of project cost tracking data enable prompt corrective actions. This ensures efficient resource use and financial alignment. Automated tools for real-time cost tracking can enhance this capability, providing immediate insights and alerts. 

Case Studies of Successful Cost Management Strategies 

  • Case Study 1: A global e-commerce company used Agile and cloud services to improve costs for a software upgrade. Continuous monitoring and budget adjustment helped them finish under budget and ahead of schedule. 
  • Case Study 2: A healthcare technology firm used a hybrid approach of outsourcing and in-house development. Cost efficiencies and quality control were achieved. Project cost tracking and budget updates helped them stay within financial constraints and meet project goals. 

Tools and Technologies for Managing Software Expenses

Overview of Popular Tools and Technologies: Businesses need the right tools and technologies to manage software costs effectively. Accounting software, project management tools, and cost tracking applications are some of the options available. 

Accounting Software: Tools like QuickBooks and FreshBooks help in tracking financial transactions, generating reports, and following accounting standards. They integrate with other systems, offering a holistic view of finances. They support project cost tracking with features such as expense categorization, invoicing, and budget management. 

Project Management Tools: Tools like Trovve, Microsoft Project, Asana, and Trello help in planning, executing, and monitoring projects. They help in setting timelines, assigning tasks, and tracking progress. They also offer features for project cost tracking, enabling businesses to compare expenses with the budget and adjust resources accordingly. 

Cost Tracking Applications: Tools like Smartsheet and Harvest focus on monitoring and controlling project costs. They provide real-time data on expenditures, helping businesses find and address cost overruns quickly. They offer features such as time tracking, expense logging, and detailed financial reporting, which are vital for correct project cost tracking. 

Pros and Cons of Different Tools: Each tool has its benefits and drawbacks. For example, QuickBooks offers comprehensive accounting features but may need added integration for project management. Microsoft Project is powerful for planning and tracking but can be complex for beginners. Smartsheet offers excellent cost tracking capabilities but may lack some advanced project management features. Businesses should consider these pros and cons based on their needs and resources. 

How to Choose the Right Tool for Your Business Needs: Choosing the right tool involves assessing your requirements. Consider factors such as the complexity of your projects, the size of your team, and your budget. Evaluate whether you need comprehensive accounting features, advanced project management capabilities, or specialized cost tracking functions. It’s also important to choose a tool that integrates well with your existing systems to ensure a smooth workflow. 

Implementation Tips for Maximizing Tool Effectiveness 

  • Training and Onboarding: Train your team on the chosen tools. Provide onboarding sessions to familiarize them with the features and functionalities. 
  • Integration: Integrate the tools with your existing systems to streamline data flow and improve efficiency. For instance, integrating accounting software with project management tools can offer a unified view of project finances. 
  • Regular Updates and Maintenance: Update the tools to receive help from the latest features and security enhancements. Maintain the tools to ensure they run smoothly and effectively. 
  • Customization: Customize the tools to fit your business processes. Tailor dashboards, reports, and workflows to meet your specific needs and enhance usability. 


Effectively managing software costs is crucial for maintaining financial health and project success. We discussed the significance of adhering to new accounting rules, the importance of project cost tracking, and various strategies for optimizing software expenses. Implementing best practices, such as Agile development, strategic outsourcing, and efficient use of cloud services, can significantly reduce costs. Utilizing appropriate tools and technologies ensures accurate tracking and compliance with accounting standards. Navigating these changes requires a proactive approach, continuous monitoring, and adaptation. We encourage businesses to adopt these best practices and tools to manage software costs effectively, ensuring financial stability and sustained growth in an evolving regulatory landscape. 

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Additional Resources

Links to Relevant Accounting Standards and Guidelines: 

Recommended Reading on Project Cost Tracking and Software Cost Management: 

  • “Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling” by Harold Kerzner 
  • “Agile Estimating and Planning” by Mike Cohn 
  • “Lean Software Development: An Agile Toolkit” by Mary and Tom Poppendieck 

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